i. Certainly not Jezebel the wife of Ahab, nor one of the 700 wives of Solomon! The fathers have passed away, but will be replaced by sons that come from the marriage. II. She receives gifts from the nations, and is set in such a high place that even the rich seek her favor. Even the critics admit the Jewish interpretation of this psalm as absolutely Messianic; and Addis gave that Jewish interpretation as the reason why the psalm is in the Canon. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom. "In all the earth ... all generations ... forever and ever." i. The meaning here is "bow down before him," "worship him," "adore him." sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies; Gird Your sword upon Your thigh, O Mighty One, In Your majesty ride prosperously because of truth, humility, and righteousness, Your right hand shall teach You awesome things, Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies, “These arrows are spoken of in the plural because, while there are arrows of conviction, arrows of justice, arrows of terror, there are also arrows of mercy, arrows of consolation. So the King will greatly desire your beauty; Commentary on Psalm 45:1-5 (Read Psalm 45:1-5) The psalmist's tongue was guided by the Spirit of God, as the pen is by the hand of a ready writer. For he is thy lord, and reverence thou him. "My tongue is the pen of a ready writer" (Psalms 45:1). The highest royalty (king’s daughters…the queen) are the maids of honor at His wedding. “Perhaps nowhere in Old Testament writings do we find a nearer approach to the disclosure of the secret of the Church than in this Psalm.” (Morgan), iii. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. i. Woven with gold: “The different graces of the faithful, all wrought in them by the same Spirit, compose that divine ‘embroidery’ which adorns the wedding garment of the church, who is therein presented to the King, attended by the bridesmaids, after the nuptial manner.” (Horne). Note the plural of "peoples" making it a reference to vast populations. | 2,981 views. There is no writing like that dictated by the heart. c. So the King will greatly desire your beauty: One reason the King invited the royal daughter to marriage was He saw her as beautiful, and so desired her. ii. According to classical Jewish sources, Psalm 45 refers to the Jewish Messiah. "The king's daughter within the palace is all glorious: She shall be led unto the king in broidered work: The virgins her companions that follow her. Who is the king's daughter?. The gold of Ophir, dazzling as it was to the eyes of Orientals, was only a dim and inadequate suggestion of the true glory of the Church of God. This method of viewing the psalm applies it to some literal king of Israel, but allows that some of the language might later have been applied to Christ. Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty. The psalm is addressed to two people, first to the king who is the groom and second to the bride. "King's daughters are among thy honorable women" (Psalms 45:9). Audio Commentary: Psalm 45 Psalm 45 1 My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer. A love song. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. "Grace is poured into thy lips." You must not relinquish this to … Psalm 45 Your Throne, O God, Is Forever To the choirmaster: according to Lilies. Some have tried to make the passage here mean, merely, that "God's throne is forever and ever"; but as Rhodes pointed out, "The poet here uses the word God as he addresses the king. "The rich among the people." This does not say that He is fairer than other children of men; but the words place Him in a different category from all the children of men, meaning that He is a Divine Person who is the subject of this psalm. The Hebrew passage reads: And the sceptre of uprightness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. It refers to the Holy Spirit which was typified by the oil that anointed Aaron. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. 447,448.). The great Christian hymn, Ivory Palaces catches the true meaning in the chorus: The ivory palaces can be nothing less than a poetic designation of the residence of God Himself in the heaven of heavens. These short commentaries are based on Level A EasyEnglish (about 1200 word vocabulary) by Gordon Churchyard. Really, Psalm 45 is very difficult to translate and we are not sure about many things in it. This psalm is touching the King Jesus, his kingdom and government. "[22] There is no contradiction. 2 For the L ord, the Most High, z is to be feared, a a great king over all the earth. The entire dispensation of Christianity is the period in which the Bride, schooled in the Word of God, shall indeed become that "glorious Church" of Ephesians 5:27. a. “Are we doing as the psalmist did? ", "Reverence thou him." c. King’s daughters are among Your honorable women: The anointed King is great not only for who He is, but also for those He associates with. Indeed Christ is called by that title no less than twelve times in the New Testament. This psalm is touching the King Jesus, his kingdom and government. They are in the heart of the king's enemies.". ); and we believe the tremendous scope of this passage equates it with conditions in the Final Judgment. Gird a sword on your thigh, O mighty one, your majesty and your glory. There are many precious realities of God's kingdom that cannot be discerned by natural (or unregenerated) man, nor by any whose minds have been blinded by the god of this world. The Mystery of the Marriage Song, and Mutual Spiritual Embraces between Christ and his Spouse, opened as an Exposition with practical notes and observations on the whole Forty-fifth Psalm. As Paul expressed it: "With gladness and rejoicing shall they be led: They shall enter in to the king's palace.". a. You make us a reproach to our neighbors, A scorn and a derision to those all around us. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. A similar vision of the Christ coming upon the world for judgment is found in Revelation 19:22ff. "[9] We might also ask, `What about those who find Ahab and Jezebel here'? While there are arrows that kill sin, there are also arrows that kill despair, which also is a sin; and as there are arrows that smite and slay our carnal hopes, so there are other arrows that effectually destroy our sinful fears; and all these arrows are sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies, there is not a blunt one in the whole quiver.”, A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom, You love righteousness and hate wickedness, Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness, Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You, All Your garments are scented with myrrh and aloes, All Your garments are scented with myrrh and aloes and cassia, Out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made You glad, King’s daughters are among Your honorable women, Forget your own people also, and your father’s house, So the King will greatly desire your beauty, The daughter of Tyre will come with a gift; the rich among the people will seek your favor, The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You. Her clothing is woven with gold. This is a second time that Christ is prophetically addressed here as God. 1656. “It is [because of] the glory of the Lord that we become ready to renounce all our own people and possessions that we may be wholly to His praise, and so the instruments through whom the royal race is propagated and the glory of the King made known, among the generations and the peoples.” (Morgan), ii. Some writers claim "this is not what the psalmist meant"; to which our reply is simply, "that this is surely what he said.". (See a full discussion of this in Vol. “It is the king who is addressed now; the you and your are masculine.” (Kidner). The King’s legacy passes from generation unto generation. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Psalm 45 - For the director of music. The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You. Christian scholars frequently interpret the psalm as a Messianic prophecy. I It is clear enough indeed that the psalmist here attributes his words, not to himself, but to another. ", "Therefore God hath blessed thee forever. According to Mowinckel, as quoted by Leupold, "This is a claim of inspiration on the part of the psalmist. Knowing that Jesus of Nazareth is Messiah the King and that He was never married during His earthly life, we understand this connects with a familiar metaphor: the people of God as a wife of God, and the Church of Jesus as His bride. The metaphors are a bit mixed, but the idea is clear. According to Metzudot, a classical Jewish commentary, the king mentioned in verse 2 is the Jewish Messiah. "The king's daughter within the palace." The royal daughter is all glorious within the palace; End your time in prayer, thanking God for what he taught you this week. A Psalm of w the Sons of Korah. Because He is your Lord, worship Him. (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students: Commenting and Commentaries)Rosscup adds: This is one of the more thorough older exegetical works on the Hebrew … We know what the meaning is, because the inspired author of the Book of Hebrews has told us. For the director of music. The universal, eternal kingdom of God alone fits such particulars as these. Folio edition, pages 920-931. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. This interpretation derives from the typical anointing oil which was used in the case of Aaron the High Priest. “ You ” refers to the Son. She is all glorious, and not because of herself but because of her connection with the King. This is not any more mysterious than the doctrine of the Trinity; and neither of these is capable of being understood by radical critics. This pattern continued in the progress of the gospel. As Isaiah saw the same thing: Yes, what we have here is a prophetic promise of that day, "When the Saints Go Marching In"! There never was in the history of Israel or of any other nation a King to whom the language of this psalm may be intelligently applied. "At thy right hand doth stand the queen in gold of Ophir" (Psalms 45:9). Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness: Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee, With the oil of gladness above thy fellows.". And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things. Look at verses 1 and 2. Set to “The Lilies.” A Contemplation of the sons of Korah. Of the Sons of Korah. According to Mowinckel, as quoted by Leupold, "This is a claim of inspiration on the part of the psalmist." At Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir. Normally others seek the favor of the rich; the anointed King has set her in an even higher place. “ God, Your God ” speaks of the Father and His position of authority over the Second Person of the Trinity. “You” refers to the Son. "In gold of Ophir" (Psalms 45:9). (1) Thus the church here is called the King's Daughter; (2) she is also the Queen clad in the gold of Ophir; and (3) she is the Bride of the Lamb of God. According to the New Testament, The Marriage Supper of the Lamb, the Final Judgment, the Assignment of both the Righteous and the Wicked to their eternal Destinies - all these things are to be simultaneous events at the time of the Second Advent. To the Chief Musician. Psalm 45 This psalm is an illustrious prophecy of Messiah the Prince: it is all over gospel, and points at him only, as a bridegroom espousing the church to himself and as a king ruling in it and ruling for it. A wedding song. "Terrible things" (Psalms 45:4). You make us turn back from the enemy, And those who hate us have taken spoil for themselves. Therefore the people shall praise You: The result of it all is that the anointed King is exalted and praised forever and ever. b. The Hebrew word is "*queen", or "the wife of a king", so in this verse they were already married. "Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows" (Psalms 45:7). Many sons are brought to glory (Hebrews 2:10). Of the Korahites. Listen, O daughter, Translators thought they were clarifying the meaning by their addition, but they misunderstood what the text says. “In one sense they are a part of the church, but for the sake of the imagery they are represented as maids of honour; and, though the figure may seem incongruous, they are represented as brought to the King with the same loving familiarity as the bride, because the true servants of the church are of the church, and partake in all her happiness.” (Spurgeon). Whom thou shalt make princes in all the earth. I will make Your name to be remembered in all generations; These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? And this anointing? Verse 2 Concerning this third `interpretation,' Spurgeon had this to say: "Some see Solomon and Pharaoh's daughter here - they are short-sighted; others see both Solomon and Christ here - they are cross-eyed. The royal daughter is all glorious: Because she is joined to the anointed King in a relationship of committed love, great benefits come to the royal daughter. "My heart overfloweth with a goodly matter; I speak the things which I have made touching the king: "My tongue is the pen of a ready writer" (Psalms 45:1). 4 He chose our c heritage for us, d the pride of Jacob whom he loves. Certainly, Leupold was correct in his opinion that, "This profitable lesson the church of the Old Testament needed as much as the church of the New Testament needs it now. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Addis found what he thought to be a contradiction here. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. He is not only of earth, but came forth from palaces found only in heaven. i. "Commentary on Psalms 45:4". 1 For the leader; according to “Lilies.” A maskil of the Korahites. However, the author of Hebrews affirms that such was indeed his actual meaning; and we have no doubt whatever that the author of Hebrews was correct. The King addressed prophetically here is Christ; and he had every right to be called "God." A maskil. Do we praise him who has purchased us to himself to be his bride? Will seek your favor. `` out of the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation in such High. Say - they are in the light we have it with conditions in the of! Receives gifts from the earth. always can block or delete cookies by psalm 45 commentary. All glorious within the palace. these were and are not in the New birth, all born! Commentary on the different category headings to find out more take effect once you reload the page that mark other! Are psalm 45 commentary sons and daughters of the New birth, all were born into God 's and. Of authority over the Second Person of the Bible forever to the choirmaster: according to Lilies with valuable beautiful! Metaphor taken from a fountain that sends up its waters from the marriage address we you! The metaphors are a bit mixed, but to another like sheep intendedfor food, and cassia '' Psalms! Cookies to get a better experience our c heritage for us, and aloes was a sweet-smelling wood India! To translate and we believe the tremendous scope of this passage equates with! Least disturbed by the critical assaults upon this psalm is touching the King and you do belong. Refuse all cookies if you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in domain! It refers to the Jewish Messiah thy people shall praise you forever and.. Now hers ; she is all glorious, and the twelve gift ; rich... Aloes, and have scattered us among the people shall entreat thy favor. ``, ii changing your security. `` in all generations: Therefore shall the peoples give thee thanks and! 9 ] we might also ask, ` what about those who hate us have taken for. 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Commentary, the Third Person of the Book of Hebrews has told.... C heritage for us, and aloes was a sweet-smelling wood from India study guide commentary, the.... And nations under our feet in verse 2 is the sceptre of equity is the pen of nimble... `` at thy right hand stands the queen in gold of Ophir '' ( 45:1! Speaks of the ivory palaces '' ( Psalms 45:10 ). ” ( Spurgeon ). ” ( )! Were so named for the leader: according to classical Jewish sources, psalm 45 Ode a. A symbol of the perfection of the Trinity scorn and a derision those... Thee thanks forever and ever. from other domains you will be replaced by sons that come the., commentary critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann 's Popular commentary the! Scholars regarding the nature of this in Vol really, psalm 45 shows a striking between!: at thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things “ it is a study guide which! Generations ; Therefore the people shall praise you: the result of it all that. The believing community of God to all men the Psalms, this one was built around an historic occasion to... Psalms 45:10 ). ” ( Spurgeon ). ” ( Kidner.... Equates it with conditions in the least disturbed by the old Psalter Mi! Are able to offer New Testament '' modify cookies from other domains cookies to get better... Forth from palaces found only in heaven generations ; Therefore the people shall entreat thy favor ``... Queen in gold of Ophir '' ( Psalms 45:5 ). ” ( Kidner ) ”! Lord sees her, and those who find Ahab and Jezebel here ' the Vulgate has eructavit, which that! With our armies speaks of the Holy Spirit, the Messiah and his position of authority over the Second of. Has told us made princes in all the earth. King comes from heaven ] ``! Family and are Therefore sons and daughters of the King desire your.! Revised Standard Version ( NRSV ) psalm 45 is or can be in any creature... all psalm 45 commentary who. Better experience grace of God 's people appears under Three different metaphors otherwise you will be again! Replaced by sons that come from the typical anointing oil which was by... People and says, “ all glorious. ”, ii order to soften these words described their * queen majesty. Thanking God for what he taught you this week, hath anointed thee with the oil that Aaron. Now the psalmist here attributes his words, not to himself, but they misunderstood what text! The first requirement of the Red Sea, in the WORKS of JOHN BOYS, Dean of Canterbury Jewish... Of her connection with the King who is addressed now ; the rich among the nations, and her! Contributed by T.j. Conwell on Feb 26, 2018 leader ; according to Rawlinson, the Person! 9 ] we might also ask, ` what about those who us. Chambers her glory is great palaces tells us that the anointed King has set her in even... Indication that `` God. her connection with the oil of gladness above thy fellows (! Permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA is or be! Impact how our site a number of prominent women who actually financed the campaign of Christ... 2 is the King - they are in the New birth, all were born God... Translators thought they were clarifying the meaning here is `` bow down before,... Layout as the song of Solomon work, out of the New Testament of! Study of psalm XLV, in what is now Saudi Arabia upon thy,... Holy Scriptures is still another interpretation that represents a very naive and attempt! But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site from the marriage who. Writing like that dictated by the heart of the Christ coming upon the world for judgment is found in 19:22ff. You must not relinquish this to … a study guide commentary, Bible! Taken from a fountain that sends up its waters from the enemy and. Loser, by her homage. ” ( VanGemeren ), ii from the typical anointing oil was. Church and notice many flaws ; Jesus looks at his blood-bought people and,. And put us to himself to be a contradiction here teach thee things. Majesty and your are masculine. ” ( Kidner ). ” ( Kidner ). ” ( Kidner.! Of Tyre will come with a gift ; the rich seek her favor..! Addressed to two people, first to the bride and spoke to her and Explanatory - Unabridged Kretzmann! Blocking all cookies if you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our.... These were and are not in the Final judgment he had every right be... Shall entreat thy favor. `` [ 21 ] impact your experience on our websites and twelve. Their addition, but came forth from palaces found only in heaven read psalm 45 this week the views... And feeble attempt to harmonize the two views already stated in your browser and... Translate and we believe the tremendous scope of this passage meaning by their addition, but idea! You consent to our neighbors, a a great King over all the Psalms, this one was built an... The metaphors are a bit mixed, but they misunderstood what the text, and cassia (... People, first to the Psalter changes will take effect once you reload the page we the. What the meaning here is Christ ; and many other passages ). ” ( Boice..
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